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Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction/Pooled Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing Was Not Associated with Increased Antibiotic Resistance in Management of Complicated Urinary Tract Infections

Our results with both resistance gene and phenotypic antibiotic susceptibility results demonstrated that treatment based upon rapid and sensitive M-PCR/P-AST resulted in reduction rather than induction of antibiotic resistance in symptomatic patients with suspected complicated UTI (cUTI) in an urology setting, indicating this type of test is valuable in the management of these types of patients. Further studies of the causes of gene reduction, including elimination of ABR gene-carrying bacteria and loss of ABR gene(s), are warranted.

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  • UTI
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